4.24.2. Setting Up User Retirement in the LMS

This section describes how to set up and configure the user retirement feature in the Open edX LMS. Django Settings

The following Django settings control the behavior of the user retirement feature. Note that some of these settings values are lambda functions rather than standard string literals. This is intentional; it is a pattern for defining derived settings specific to Open edX. Read more about it in openedx/core/lib/derived.py.

Setting Name Default Description
RETIRED_USERNAME_PREFIX 'retired__user_' The prefix part of hashed usernames. Used in RETIRED_USERNAME_FMT.
RETIRED_EMAIL_PREFIX 'retired__user_' The prefix part of hashed emails. Used in RETIRED_EMAIL_FMT.
RETIRED_EMAIL_DOMAIN 'retired.invalid' The domain part of hashed emails. Used in RETIRED_EMAIL_FMT.
RETIRED_USERNAME_FMT lambda settings: settings.RETIRED_USERNAME_PREFIX + '{}' The username field for a retired user gets transformed into this format, where {} is replaced with the hash of their username.
RETIRED_EMAIL_FMT lambda settings: settings.RETIRED_EMAIL_PREFIX + '{}@' + settings.RETIRED_EMAIL_DOMAIN The email field for a retired user gets transformed into this format, where {} is replaced with the hash of their email.
RETIRED_USER_SALTS None A list of salts used for hashing usernames and emails. Only the last item in this list is used as a salt for all new retirements, but historical salts are preserved in order to guarantee that all hashed usernames and emails can still be checked. The default value MUST be overridden!
RETIREMENT_SERVICE_WORKER_USERNAME 'RETIREMENT_SERVICE_USER' The username of the retirement service worker.
RETIREMENT_STATES See lms/envs/common.py in the RETIREMENT_STATES setting A list that defines the name and order of states for the retirement workflow. See Retirement States for details.
FEATURES[‘ENABLE_ACCOUNT_DELETION’] True Whether to display the “Delete My Account” section the account settings page. Retirement States

The state of each user’s retirement is stored in the LMS database, and the state list itself is also separately stored in the database. We expect the list of states will be variable over time and across different Open edX installations, so it is the responsibility of the administrator to populate the state list.

The default states are defined in lms/envs/common.py in the RETIREMENT_STATES setting. There must be, at minimum, a PENDING state at the beginning, and COMPLETED, ERRORED, and ABORTED states at the end of the list. Also, for every RETIRING_foo state, there must be a corresponding foo_COMPLETE state.

Override these states if you need to add any states. Typically, these settings are set in lms.envs.json.

After you have defined any custom states, populate the states table with the following management command:

$ ./manage.py lms --settings=<your-settings> populate_retirement_states

All states removed and new states added. Differences:
   Removed: set([])
   Remaining: set([u'ERRORED', u'PENDING', u'ABORTED', u'COMPLETE'])
States updated successfully. Current states:
PENDING (step 1)
RETIRING_LMS (step 51)
LMS_COMPLETE (step 61)
ERRORED (step 71)
ABORTED (step 81)
COMPLETE (step 91)

In this example, some states specified in settings were already present, so they were listed under Remaining and were not re-added. The command output also prints the Current states; this represents all the states in the states table. The populate_retirement_states command is idempotent, and always attempts to make the states table reflect the RETIREMENT_STATES list in settings. Retirement Service User

The user retirement driver scripts authenticate with the LMS and IDAs as the retirement service user with oauth client credentials. Therefore, to use the driver scripts, you must create a retirement service user, and generate a DOT application and client credentials, as in the following command.

./manage.py lms --settings=<your-settings> manage_user $user_name $user_name@example.com --staff --superuser
./manage.py lms --settings=<your-settings> create_dot_application $app_name $user_name

..note:: The client credentials (client ID and client secret) will be printed to the terminal, so take this opportunity to copy them for future reference. You will use these credentials to configure the driver scripts. For more information, see Setting Up the User Retirement Driver Scripts.

The retirement service user needs permission to perform retirement tasks, and that is done by specifying the RETIREMENT_SERVICE_WORKER_USERNAME variable in Django settings:

RETIREMENT_SERVICE_WORKER_USERNAME = 'retirement_service_worker' Django Admin

The Django admin interface contains the following models under USER_API that relate to user retirement.

Name URI Description
Retirement States /admin/user_api/retirementstate/ Represents the table of states defined in RETIREMENT_STATES and populated with populate_retirement_states.
User Retirement Requests /admin/user_api/userretirementrequest/ Represents the table that tracks the user IDs of every learner who has ever requested account deletion. This table is primarily used for internal bookkeeping, and normally isn’t useful for administrators.
User Retirement Statuses /admin/user_api/userretirementstatus/ Model for managing the retirement state for each individual learner.

In special cases where you may need to manually intervene with the pipeline, you can use the User Retirement Statuses management page to change the state for an individual user. For more information about how to handle these cases, see Handling Special Cases.