To test new applications that you develop for the E-Commerce service, you create and run tests for the Open edX platform first, and then you run a set of tests that are specific to E-Commerce.
For more information about tests for the Open edX platform, see Testing Open edX Features in the Open edX Developer’s Guide.
When you develop E-Commerce applications, you must run a pre-packaged set of unit tests, Python tests, and E-Commerce acceptance tests.
The E-Commerce unit tests include migrations, the unit test suite, and quality checks. You can run the full unit test, or save time for a local test by disabling the migrations. (You can also run the quality checks independent of the unit test suite.)
To run the full unit test, including migrations and quality checks, use the following command.
$ make validate
If numerous unit tests fail with an
OfflineGenerationError message, run
the following command, then try to run unit tests again.
$ DJANGO_SETTINGS_MODULE=ecommerce.settings.test make static
To run unit tests with quality checks but without migrations, run the following command.
$ DISABLE_MIGRATIONS=1 make validate
We recommend that you only run tests without migrations when you run the tests locally.
To validate code quality independently, run the following command.
$ make quality
When you create E-Commerce tests, use the
TestCase class in
ecommerce/tests/testcases.py to ensure every test has
Partner objects configured. This will help you test any code that relies on
these models, which are used for multi-tenancy.
To run all Python unit tests and quality checks, run the following command.
$ make validate_python
To run all Python unit tests and quality checks in parallel, run the following command.
$ make fast_validate_python
To run the Python unit tests in a specific file, such as
ecommerce/courses/tests/test_utils.py, run the following command and
substitute the desired file path.
$ DISABLE_ACCEPTANCE_TESTS=True ./manage.py test ecommerce.courses.tests.test_utils --settings=ecommerce.settings.test --with-ignore-docstrings --logging-level=DEBUG
Setting the DISABLE_MIGRATIONS variable significantly decreases the time needed to run tests by creating the test database directly from Django model definitions as opposed to applying the defined migrations.
$ DISABLE_MIGRATIONS=1 DISABLE_ACCEPTANCE_TESTS=True ./manage.py test ecommerce.courses.tests.test_utils --settings=ecommerce.settings.test --with-ignore-docstrings --logging-level=DEBUG
these tests, place your tests in the
directory, and add a
_spec suffix. For example, your test name may be
$ make validate_js
To run specific acceptance tests for the E-Commerce service, you must complete the following procedures.
To configure the LMS, follow these steps.
Verify that the following settings in
"ECOMMERCE_API_URL": "http://localhost:8002/api/v2/" "ECOMMERCE_PUBLIC_URL_ROOT": "http://localhost:8002" "JWT_ISSUER": "http://127.0.0.1:8000/oauth2" // Must match the E-Commerce JWT_ISSUER setting "OAUTH_ENFORCE_SECURE": false "OAUTH_OIDC_ISSUER": "http://127.0.0.1:8000/oauth2"
Verify that the following settings in
"ECOMMERCE_API_SIGNING_KEY": "insecure-secret-key" // Must match the E-Commerce JWT_SECRET_KEY setting "EDX_API_KEY": "PUT_YOUR_API_KEY_HERE" // Must match the E-Commerce EDX_API_KEY setting
Verify that an LMS account with staff and superuser permissions exists.
By default, most devstack and fullstack LMS instances include a user
account that has staff permissions. This account has the username
staff, the email address
email@example.com, and the password
edx. Run the following commands to grant the account superuser
cd ~/edx-platform ./manage.py lms set_superuser staff --settings=devstack
Navigate to the OAuth2 Clients section of the Django administration console (e.g. http://localhost:8000/admin/oauth2/client/). Sign in using the superuser account you created earlier.
Verify that an OAuth2 client with the following attributes exists. If one does not already exist, create a new OAuth 2 client.
The client ID and secret must match the values of the E-Commerce
Name: ecommerce URL: http://localhost:8002/ Redirect URI: http://localhost:8002/complete/edx-oidc/ Client ID: 'ecommerce-key' Client Secret: 'ecommerce-secret' Client Type: Confidential (Web applications) Logout url: http://localhost:8002/logout/
Navigate to the Edx_Oauth2_Provider Trusted clients section of the Django administration console (http://localhost:8000/admin/edx_oauth2_provider/trustedclient/).
Verify that the OAuth2 client referred to above is designated as a trusted client (look for the Redirect URI). If this isn’t already the case, add the client created above as a new trusted client.
In the Django administration panel, create a new access token for the superuser account. Set the client to the OAuth2 client referred to above. Make note of this token; it is required to run the acceptance tests.
Make sure that the LMS instance that you will use for testing has at least two courses that learners can enroll in. By default, most LMS instances include the edX demonstration course. Use Studio to create a second course.
You use the E-Commerce Course Administration Tool (“ECAT”) to finish configuring the two courses in your LMS instance.
sudo su ecommerce
Verify that the following keys in
/edx/etc/ecommerce.yml match your
One of the
JWT_AUTH:JWT_ISSUERS entries should match
/edx/app/edxapp/lms.yml:JWT_ISSUER. The default value is
JWT_AUTH:JWT_SECRET_KEY should match
/edx/app/edxapp/lms.yml:ECOMMERCE_API_SIGNING_KEY. The default
EDX_API_KEY should match
/edx/app/edxapp/lms.yml:EDX_API_KEY. The default value is
Set up the E-Commerce environment.
cd /edx/app/ecommerce/ecommerce source ../ecommerce_env source ../venvs/ecommerce/bin/activate make requirements make static make migrate
Create a new site linking to the LMS.
./manage.py create_or_update_site \ --site-id=1 \ --site-domain=localhost:8002 \ --partner-code=edX \ --partner-name='Open edX' \ --lms-url-root=http://localhost:8000 \ --theme-scss-path=sass/themes/edx.scss \ --payment-processors=cybersource,paypal \ --client-id=ecommerce-key \ --client-secret=ecommerce-secret \ --from-email firstname.lastname@example.org
Start the E-Commerce Django development server.
./manage.py runserver 0.0.0.0:8002
Get the course key from the LMS by navigating to a course and examining its
URL. The course key should look something like
Navigate to the E-Commerce Courses page (http://localhost:8002/courses/) to add the two test courses that are on your LMS instance to E-Commerce. Configure one course as a “Free (Audit)” course, and the second as a “Verified” course.
To configure the “Verified” course, click Add New Course. Leave the default values in all fields, with the exception of the following fields.
Course ID: The course key from the LMS Course Name: Use any name Course Type: Verified Include Honor Seat: No
Navigate to the learner dashboard (e.g. http://localhost:8000/dashboard) and confirm that the course you added in E-Commerce now has a green “Upgrade to Verified” badge, which you can select.
In the ECAT, add the second course on your LMS instance to E-Commerce.
Specify its course type as
To test integration with external payment processors, update the contents
PAYMENT_PROCESSOR_CONFIG dictionary found in the settings with
valid credentials. To override the default values for development, create a
private settings module,
private.py, and set
PAYMENT_PROCESSOR_CONFIG inside the module.
If you created a
private.py file to create settings overrides when you
set up your virtual environment, you
can use that same
You configure acceptance tests by using the settings in the
file. You can use the default values for most settings in this file. However,
for the following settings, you must specify values using environment
The OAuth2 access token used to authenticate requests.
The URL root for the E-Commerce service.
The URL root for the LMS.
A username for any current LMS user, to use during testing.
The email address used to sign in to the LMS.
The password used to sign in to the LMS.
If you test PayPal integration, you must also specify values for the following settings by using environment variables.
The email address used to sign in to PayPal during payment.
The password used to sign in to PayPal during payment.
Run all acceptance tests by executing
To run a specific test, execute the following command.
$ nosetests -v <path/to/the/test/module>
The acceptance tests rely on the environment variables that you have configured. For example, when you run the acceptance tests against local instances of E-Commerce and the LMS, you might run the following command, replacing values between angle brackets (<>) with your own values.
$ ECOMMERCE_URL_ROOT="http://localhost:8002" LMS_URL_ROOT="http://127.0.0.1:8000" LMS_USERNAME="<username>" LMS_EMAIL="<email address>" LMS_PASSWORD="<password>" ACCESS_TOKEN="<access token>" LMS_HTTPS="False" LMS_AUTO_AUTH="True" PAYPAL_EMAIL="<email address>" PAYPAL_PASSWORD="<password>" ENABLE_CYBERSOURCE_TESTS="False" VERIFIED_COURSE_ID="<course ID>" make e2e
When you run the acceptance tests against a production-like staging environment, you might run the following command.
$ ECOMMERCE_URL_ROOT="https://ecommerce.stage.edx.org" LMS_URL_ROOT="https://courses.stage.edx.org" LMS_USERNAME="<username>" LMS_EMAIL="<email address>" LMS_PASSWORD="<password>" ACCESS_TOKEN="<access token>" LMS_HTTPS="True" LMS_AUTO_AUTH="False" PAYPAL_EMAIL="<email address>" PAYPAL_PASSWORD="<password>" BASIC_AUTH_USERNAME="<username>" BASIC_AUTH_PASSWORD="<password>" HONOR_COURSE_ID="<course ID>" VERIFIED_COURSE_ID="<course ID>" make e2e